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Key Recommendations for Elkhart and Goshen 


Existing Elkhart and Goshen.png

Based on public feedback on the Concepts and Draft Plan, the MACOG Board recommended that in the Short-Term the Interurban Trolley network should focus on developing maintain existing coverage and expanding coverage with the additional investment that the City of Goshen is providing. As a result, the Short-Term Network for the Interurban Trolley would pursue a 70% ridership and 30% coverage service goal, a slight shift toward coverage , from the current service level mix of 77% ridership and 23% coverage.


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Pursuing the 70/30 service goal, the Short Term Interurban Trolley Network proposes the set of adjustments The Short-Term concept makes a few adjustments to improve service within the current budget and the policy direction from the MACOG Board to maintain nearly all existing coverage. There are more changes in Goshen since the City has committed to funding two additional buses. Key differences from today’s network include:


  • All routes are numbered. With the addition of two new routes, color-coded route naming does not work well. Routes are now numbered:

    • Yellow Line is now Route 30.

    • Red Line is now Route 50.

    • Green Line is now Route 32.

    • Blue Line is now Route 33.

    • Orange Line is now Route 35.

  • Routes 32 and 33 each have small routing tweaks to connect shopping centers and other destinations more efficiently. 

  • Route 35 (Orange Line) no longer serves Concord Mall since activity in that area is much lower as the mall is mostly closed. With the time savings from not serving the mall, 
    route 35 now serves more of the industrial areas along Middlebury Street, Toledo Road, Eastland Drive, and County Road 17. 

  • In Goshen, new Route 52 serves West and North Goshen, reaching Roxbury Park, Arbor 
    Ridge Apartments, and the Chamberlain Neighborhood.

  • New Route 53 serves parts of South Goshen including Historic Southside, Rieth Park, 
    Greencroft, all the way to Winchester Trails. 

  • With the new Route 53, Route 50 (Red Line) is shifted to Main Street to directly serve Goshen
    Hospital and Goshen College. Route 50 also has a new deviation to serve the new County
    Courthouse location and to save time for this deviation, Route 50 only serves the south side
    of Concord Mall.

















The Short-Term Interurban Trolley Network (right) also makes a number of changes to routing within within the Downtown Elkhart area. Overall, routing is simplified slightly. A few deviations are removed to speed up service and some routes are consolidated to provide more two-way service. 

  • Route 32 (Green Line) to the southwest has been adjusted to be two-way on Benham, Dr MLK Jr Drive, and 6th to Indiana to provide two-way service to Washington Gardens.

  • Route 32 (Green Line) to the northwest has been adjusted to use Marion Street to Oakland to Indiana for its outbound trip to provide coverage where the southwest portion of the loop used to serve. For its inbound path, it has been shifted to use Michigan to Lexington to reach downtown. 

  • The outbound path of Route 35 (Orange Line) has been adjusted to follow 3rd to Harrison to Main to Middlebury to Prairie to Waterfall to Richmond Street. It then follows its existing  path to Pierre Moran Park. These changes have been made to reduce the time it takes to
    get out of downtown and allow the route to be extended to more of the industrial areas to
    the east.

  • Route 35 (Orange Line) will serve Waterfall Apartments at the intersection of Waterfall Drive and Prairie Avenue in both directions, instead of only in one-direction. Service will be from stops on Prairie Street as the route will no longer pull up to the front door, via Division Street, as it does today.

  • In Elkhart, service is spread quite thin, and most routes have long one-way loops to  maximize coverage. As discussed in the Choices Report, these large one-way loops create challenges for travel around the city. A major challenge is that they force very indirect travel for many trips.

    • Route 35 faces another challenge in that it is the largest, most indirect loop in the system, and it travels counter-clockwise. By traveling counterclockwise, it make many more left turns than right turns inits movement around southeastern Elkhart. In
      transit, extra turns add more time and left turns in particular are usually time consuming and less reliable. Therefore, there are a number of reasons to reverse the direction of the Route 35 loop. 

    • The one advantage to the counterclockwise pattern is that Routes 32 and 35 can be timed to meet at the Pierre Moran Shopping Center, so riders in southwest Elkhart can transfer to go to Ivy Tech or other destinations on Route 35 without having to go all the way downtown. Switching the direction of Route 35 would make this timed connection impossible. 

    • In the Short-Term Network recommendations, Route 35 keeps its current counterclockwise design. It is worth consideration by the community, though, if the timed connection at Pierre Moran is worth the less reliable operation of Route 35. ​

In the Short-Term Network, the new routes added in Goshen have hourly service with the same level and pattern of service as other hourly routes in the Interurban Trolley Network, from about 5am to 7pm each weekday and Saturdays. Overall, the frequency of all-day service is the same as today, with limited evening service and no Sunday service.

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Downtown Elkhart Short Term Network

Short Term Transpo Network


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The Additional Funding Interurban Trolley Network includes the Short Term Network changes plus new investment in the system that provides 80% more service than the Short Term Network. With this increased investment, it is possible to significantly improve service and usefulness to many destinations. This improved network focuses mostly on improved service to areas already served in the Existing or Short-Term Networks, though a few new areas are served.
Key differences from today’s network include: 


  • Improved 30-minute frequency of service on two corridors in Elkhart: Cassopolis with a simplified Route 33 and to the southwest with a new Route 36 serving South 6th Street and Oakland Avenue.

  • A new hourly Route 34 serving Osolo Road, the Industrial Park along CR 6, ending near CR 17 at the under construction Amazon Facility.

  • Every 30-minute service on the new Route 52 in West Goshen and the new Route 53 in
    southern Goshen, Rieth Park, and Greencroft.

  • Route 50 (Red Line) is extended farther south to provide 30-minute service to Winchester

  • A revised, simpler service to North Main Street and Arbor Ridge Apartments with hourly
    service on Route 51A.

  • A new hourly service through the Chamberlain neighborhood and East Goshen on Route 51B.

  • With better service in southwest Elkhart, the looping pattern for Route 35 (Orange Line) is
    reversed to travel clockwise, simplifying and speeding service.

The Additional Funding Network has many of the same design features as the Short-Term network, but with new services added. 


  • The revised and improved Route 33 would use Jackson Boulevard, Elkhart Avenue, and Johnson Street with two-way service through this relatively Jackson Boulevard, Elkhart Avenue, and Johnson The revised and improved Route 33 would use dense area to the northeast of downtown. 

  • With the improved Route 33 on Johnson and Elkhart, the new Route 34 provides two-way 
    hourly service along North Main Street, Beardsley and the southern portion of Cassopolis Road before heading east toward Osolo Road. 

  • With the new Route 36 providing two-way service, every 30 minutes on South 6th Street, Route 50 (Red Line) is shifted to Prairie Avenue from Benham Avenue between Indiana Avenue and Lusher Avenue, to avoid concentrating 30 minute service on two streets only a 1/4 mile apart. Route 32 (Green Line) is shifted to Benham Avenue to maintain coverage on this street.

  • The Additional Funding Network includes more service in the evening and on Sundays, in addition to improved frequency of service.


Downtown Elkhart Additional Funding Network

Additional Funding Network

Transit Outcomes: Proximity

Proximity is a key factor that shapes transit outcomes. Proximity does not tell us how useful people will find transit service, only that it is nearby to them. We also measure proximity to frequent transit service, to provide a little more information about how many people are near service that they are more likely to use.

Compared to Existing, the Short-Term Network would

  • increase the percent of residents near any service from 59% to 70%

  • slightly reduce those near 30 minute service from 34% to 30%.


Compared to Existing, the Additional Funding Network

  • increase the percent of residents near at least 30 minute service from 34% to 49%

  • increase the percent of residents served by any transit from 59% to 70%,

Transit Outcomes: Access to Opportunity

To understand the benefits of a network change, consider this simple question: Where could I get to, in a given amount of time, from where I am? This question refers to the physical dimension of liberty and opportunity. If you can get to more places in a given amount of time, you will be freer and have more opportunities outside your neighborhood. Isochrones provide a visual explanation of how a transit network changes peoples’ freedom to travel, on foot and by transit, to or from a place of interest.

Isochrones display the change in access that a person would experience traveling to a particular
place. By summing up the isochrones for every single part of South Bend, Mishawaka, Elkhart,
and Goshen, we can describe how access to jobs would change for all residents of the service area. This is a good proxy for a ridership forecast, because it describes the part of ridership forecasting that is basic math and highly predictable: Could more people access more jobs (and other opportunities) by transit, in less time? If the answer is “Yes,” that implies higher ridership

The images below compare how far you can get from Downtown Elkhart, Downtown Goshen, or other key destinations in 60 minutes in the Short-Term and Additional Funding Networks.


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