Welcome to the Concepts!

In this survey, we want to ask you about your goals and priorities for transit service in Elkhart and Goshen.

 

To help you think about that, we’ve drawn two contrasting images of how the network could look, depending on what is most important to people and what the public’s priorities are. Both concepts assume the same budget, with service in Elkhart the same as it is today and service in Goshen with two more buses, as the city has already planned to invest more in transit. Even with more service in Goshen, the budget is limited, so we must make some hard decisions about what’s most important.

We've also drawn up two concepts that show what's possible with increased funding towards transit. We want to know how much investment you would be willing to provide to transit and the results you could get.

This survey is for everyone who lives or works in Elkhart and Goshen. Whether you ride transit or not, your taxes help pay for bus service, so we want everyone's opinion.‍

Take the Survey!

It will only take a few minutes.

How Should We Design the Region's Bus Network?

It depends.

Imagine we are designing a transit network for this fictional city. The lines are roads and the dots are people and jobs.

Places with more dots close together are dense with activity. More people want to travel to and from those places. That dense activity is concentrated along the main roads.

The buses in the image are all the resources we have to run transit.

A fictional city we have to design the transit system for and 18 buses to serve them.

RIDERSHIP
If our goal is to get the most ridership from our system, we would concentrate transit resources where most people and jobs are close together. We can then provide high-frequency service that is very convenient and encourages people to ride transit in those areas.

Network Designed for Ridership Goals has only two routes covering most people and jobs with high frequency service.

COVERAGE
If our goal is to get transit coverage in as many areas as possible, we will have to spread transit resources out. Routes cannot be as frequent, and so not many people would find transit useful and convenient. However, there would be some transit coverage in as many areas as possible.

Network Designed for Coverage Goals has many routes covering most streets, people, and jobs, but with low frequecies.

Both goals are important, but within a limited budget shifting towards one means shifting away from the other.

The Ridership and Coverage Concepts

These concepts are NOT PROPOSALS. We will be developing the final plan later this year with your input.

Ridership Concept

This concept connects the busiest parts of the region with the best possible bus service (every 15 minutes or better). On average, more people can get to more places sooner with this concept, so ridership will be higher, but it doesn't cover as many people.

Coverage Concept

This concept expands the network to cover more area, but because there are so many routes, frequencies are low. Ridership is lower because people may not want to wait as long.

Red lines arrive every 15 minutes or less

Blue lines arrive every 30 minutes 

Green lines arrive every 60 minutes

Tan lines are peak-only or have a limited schedule

Red lines arrive every 15 minutes or less

Blue lines arrive every 30 minutes 

Green lines arrive every 60 minutes

Tan lines are peak-only or have a limited schedule

Ridership Concept Elkhart Goshen.png

Outcomes

  • The average resident can reach 7% more jobs by transit in 45 minutes

  • These numbers are probably similar for other destinations, like school, shopping, etc.

  • 44% of residents are within a 1/2 mile walk of any transit service, compared to 55% now.

  • 40% of all residents are within a 1/2 mile walk of transit service that comes every 30 minutes or better, compared to 32% now

  • This concept would slightly increase the number of jobs the average person could reach in 45 minutes by walking and transit compared to the Existing Network.

Coverage Concept Elkhart Goshen.png

Outcomes

  • The average resident can reach 2% fewer jobs by transit in 45 minutes

  • These numbers are probably similar for other destinations, like school, shopping, etc.

  • 66% of residents are within a 1/2 mile walk of any transit service, compared to 55% now.

  • 30% of all residents are within a 1/2 mile walk of transit service that comes every 30 minutes or better, compared to 32% now

  • This concept would slightly decrease the number of jobs the average person could reach in 45 minutes by walking and transit compared to the Existing Network.

Change in Access

Where can you be soon? Answering that question tells us a great deal about how useful a transit system is. The images below compare how far you can get from Downtown Elkhart, Downtown Goshen, or other key destinations in 45 minutes in the Ridership and Coverage concepts.

output_Elkhart Transfer Center.png
output_Downtown Goshen - Main and Washington.png
output_Elkhart - County Road 4 and Cassopolis.png
output_Elkhart East High School (fomerly Central).png
output_Elkhart General Hospital.png
output_Goshen Walmart.png
output_Goshen Hospital.png
output_Goshen High School.png
output_Concord High School.png
output_Boys and Girls Club of Goshen.png

Looking for South Bend & Mishawaka?

Click here to see concepts for South Bend & Mishawaka.

Should the Region Invest More in Transit?

In the Choices Report, we looked at some peers for Transpo and the Interurban Trolley (administered by MACOG) and saw that both Transpo and Interurban Trolley provide less service compared to many of their peers and therefore get out less in terms of ridership and productivity compared to other transit agencies. Given these realities, there is a key value question about whether the region should invest more in transit to improve access to opportunity and increase ridership.

In this process, we've also drawn up two concepts that increase the amount of investment put into transit:

  • the Growth concept, which provides a moderate increase in investment

  • the Vision concept, which maximizes investment to maximize progress towards important community goals such as economic development, access to opportunity, air quality, and other goals.

Decision Space Diagram New300 ppi.png

The Growth and Vision Concepts

These concepts are NOT PROPOSALS. We will be developing the final plan later this year with your input.

Growth Concept

The Growth Concept combines the increased frequent service of the Ridership Concept together with the retained and expanded service of the Coverage Concept. By combining both Concepts this network both dramatically increases how many useful destinations an average resident can reach in a given amount of time, and maintains shorter walks and the introduction of new service areas to expand overall access to transit, providing lifeline service levels to more residents.

Vision Concept

The Vision Concept is a vastly improved network that would introduce frequent service between South Bend, Elkhart, and Goshen. It would also expand coverage to area currently not served by transit. It maximizes investment to maximize progress towards important community goals such as economic development, air quality, and sustainability.

Dark red lines arrive every 10 minutes or less

Red lines arrive every 15 minutes

Blue lines arrive every 30 minutes 

Green lines arrive every 60 minutes

Tan lines are peak-only or have a limited schedule

Dark red lines arrive every 10 minutes or less

Red lines arrive every 15 minutes

Blue lines arrive every 30 minutes 

Green lines arrive every 60 minutes

Tan lines are peak-only or have a limited schedule

Yellow boxes are demand-response zones

Growth Concept Elkhart Goshen.png
Vision Concept Elkhart Goshen.png

Outcomes

  • The average resident can reach 8% more jobs by transit in 45 minutes

  • These numbers are probably similar for other destinations, like school, shopping, etc.

  • 66% of residents are within a 1/2 mile walk of any transit service, compared to 55% now.

  • 6% of all residents are within a 1/2 mile walk of transit service that comes every 15 minutes or better, compared to 0% now*

  • This concept represents a 15% increase in service compared to the Existing Network

Outcomes

  • The average resident can reach 78% more jobs by transit in 45 minutes

  • These numbers are probably similar for other destinations, like school, shopping, etc.

  • 67% of residents are within a 1/2 mile walk of any transit service, compared to 55% now.

  • 29% of all residents are within a 1/2 mile walk of transit service that comes every 15 minutes or better, compared to 0% now*

  • This concept represents a 970% increase in service compared to the Existing Network

*The Existing Network does not have service that is every 15 minutes or better on any route.

Change in Access

Where can you be soon? Answering that question tells us a great deal about how useful a transit system is. The images below compare how far you can get from Downtown Elkhart, Downtown Goshen, or other key destinations in 45 minutes in the Growth and Vision concepts.

output_Elkhart Transfer Center.png
output_Downtown Goshen - Main and Washington.png
output_Elkhart - County Road 4 and Cassopolis.png
output_Elkhart East High School (fomerly Central).png
output_Elkhart General Hospital.png
output_Goshen Walmart.png
output_Goshen Hospital.png
output_Goshen High School.png
output_Concord High School.png
output_Boys and Girls Club of Goshen.png

Looking for South Bend & Mishawaka?

Click here to see concepts for South Bend & Mishawaka.

Tell Us What You Think! Take the Survey!

It will only take a few minutes.

Learn more by reading the full Concepts Report.

Attend a public meeting to ask questions and get more information.

Questions? Contact the Project Team Here!